a statute governing AI by AI
Updated: Apr 12
Below is a model statute governing AI that covers key areas that any regulatory regime for AI should address.
Title: Artificial Intelligence Regulation Act
Section 1: Purpose and Scope
1.1 Purpose: The purpose of this statute is to regulate the development, deployment, and use of artificial intelligence systems in a manner that promotes safety, ethicality, and responsibility.
1.2 Scope: This statute applies to all artificial intelligence systems developed, deployed, or used in the jurisdiction.
Section 2: Definitions
2.1 Artificial Intelligence: A computer system or software that can perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as perception, reasoning, learning, and decision-making.
2.2 Developer: A person or organization that creates, designs, or programs an artificial intelligence system.
2.3 User: A person or organization that deploys or uses an artificial intelligence system.
2.4 Regulator: A government authority responsible for overseeing the development and use of artificial intelligence systems.
Section 3: Governance and Accountability
3.1 Regulatory Authority: The statute establishes a regulatory authority responsible for overseeing the development and use of artificial intelligence systems.
3.2 Roles and Responsibilities: The statute defines the roles and responsibilities of developers, users, and regulators, including requirements for reporting and communication.
3.3 Human Oversight: The statute requires that artificial intelligence systems have appropriate human oversight to ensure safety and ethicality.
Section 4: Risk Assessment
4.1 Risk Assessment: The statute requires a risk assessment process for artificial intelligence systems to identify potential risks, including safety, privacy, and human rights, and to develop appropriate mitigation measures.
4.2 Independent Review: The statute requires independent review of risk assessments to ensure impartiality and accuracy.
Section 5: Transparency and Explainability
5.1 Transparency: The statute requires developers to disclose information about the development, training, and performance of artificial intelligence systems to ensure transparency.
5.2 Explainability: The statute requires that artificial intelligence systems provide explanations for their decisions and actions to users and stakeholders to ensure explainability.
Section 6: Privacy and Security
6.1 Data Protection: The statute requires developers to implement appropriate data protection measures, such as anonymization and encryption, to ensure privacy and security.
6.2 Personal Data Protection: The statute requires that artificial intelligence systems do not violate individuals' privacy or personal data protection laws.
Section 7: Fairness and Bias
7.1 Fairness: The statute requires developers to test artificial intelligence systems for fairness and implement measures to mitigate any identified biases.
7.2 Non-Discrimination: The statute requires that artificial intelligence systems do not discriminate against individuals based on protected characteristics, such as race, gender, or religion.
Section 8: Enforcement and Penalties
8.1 Enforcement: The statute establishes enforcement mechanisms to ensure compliance with its provisions.
8.2 Penalties: The statute imposes penalties, including fines and revocation of licenses or certifications, for non-compliance.
Section 9: Review and Revision
9.1 Review: The statute requires periodic review of its provisions to ensure their effectiveness and appropriateness.
9.2 Revision: The statute allows for revision of its provisions to address emerging risks and challenges associated with artificial intelligence systems.
Section 10: Effective Date
10.1 Effective Date: This statute becomes effective upon its enactment by the jurisdiction's legislative body.